October 17, 2021

Python or R – Which Programming Language Should You Choose?


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Python or R, really? More than 400 to 600 programming languages are there worldwide. To opt for the best one for your project seems a tougher task. Programming languages are usually chosen based on the platform, ecosystem of the language, objective of the language, demand, and market trends. This article is going to give you a detailed overview of the two popular languages R and Python.

Here is what you need to know all about the two programming languages before making one your first choice:


R is a functional programming language. It is designed for statistical analysis and works with the figures and complex statistical components. Its broad spectrum libraries help the users to work with delegate data in data science easily.  

Key features

Here are some of the features of R listed:

  • R is designed for the statistical analysis of large amounts of data.
  • Those who are unknown to coding can get the best output from R.
  • Statistical models in the form of graphs and charts help to define the findings quickly and accurately.
  • R is a diverse language and any piece of functionality can be described in several forms.


The richest ecosystem of R makes it the first choice for statisticians and professionals. You can find the library for each type of statistical analysis. Its more than 12000 packages are available in CRAN- an open-source repository, GitHub- Git repository hosting services, and Bioconductor-an open source software available for bioinformatics. Libraries of R include the zoo, ggplot2, caret, and many others.

The cutting-edge interface packages make communication easy among other open-source languages.

Who usually uses R?

The majority of the R users are Research and development professionals. These professionals use this programming language to run statistical analysis over exploratory data. Scholars also use the R language for analyzing the data collected after the research or any survey.

The best output for this functional language has increased its usage in Media, education sector, healthcare, and management. 

Why do scholars prefer R over other statistical analyses? Impressive tools of R help the R users to predict the best results of any finding or research data. As an R user, you can communicate superbly through your findings, document, or presentation. In reality, it is tougher to get expertise in R, unlike Python.

The visualization and interface of the R are the ideal ones for programmers. It helps to create impressive graphs and charts and make your statistical analysis more accurate and reliable. 


Python acts more than a tool in the world of programming language. Python helps the users to do coding for the development projects. Though Python can do the same tasks operated by R, it is not a functional programming language primarily. The developers of Python created it for coding purposes. The featured Python codes are more vigorous and easier to maintain.

Key features

Have a look at the key features that keep Python distinct from other programming languages:

  • Python’s programs are designed for deployment and machine learning projects.
  • Software engineers considered the language more up-to-mark as compared to R for development purposes.
  • Python enables coding and debugging easier through its simple syntax.
  • Python’s syntax and codes are interpretable, quick to write, and easy to read.
  • Python is a limited language and its components of functionality are always written in the same way.

Ecosystem of Python

Unlike R, Python’s ecosystem is a robust one. The popularity of its ecosystem is due to the simpler operating of this language. It is usually considered one of the easiest languages to work on. The interesting fact about Python is its simple syntax that contains letters and words of the English language.

Programmers can build web-based unique products with data science and machine learning models. Python has a few packages and libraries only. Most developers work with five popular Python libraries: Numpy, Pandas, Scipy, Scikit-learn, and Seaborn.

Who usually learns python?

Python is mainly used by developers. Python can construct any new model or product. It is the reason web developers or digital developers in the production houses frequently opt for this language to work on unique projects. Python is easier to learn for beginner programmers.

If you are unknown to programming languages, you should go for Python. It will help you understand the world of algorithms more quickly. This general-purpose language is useful for multiple purposes as described above. Programmers use Python as a tool for their whole workflow project. It offers a complete package to any project of the digital creators.

In simpler terms, Python is based on machine learning, Artificial Intelligence, and helps to create models of deep learning. Python is a flexible tool to create unique models. The programmers and developers used it for debugging and scripting the websites also. On the other hand, R works with the already available models.



Concluding words

Python Or R

Image by WIRED

Both types of languages can work with a huge amount of data. Python and R can do data wrangling, engineering, feature selection, web scrapping, and much more. Most of the data worldwide are unstructured in the form of images, videos, and text. Python is efficient to work with a multitude of tasks like voice analysis, image and video processing. When this data gets structured or semi-structured, you can work with R.

If you are yet confused about the selection, just have a look at the purpose for which you require a language. R is great for helping in business analysis and academics. On the contrary, Python is a language for programmers and developers to create newer features and products.

Initially, beginner learners feel difficulty fro Python, but it sets the base for learning other harder programming languages well. What do your colleagues and fellows use in data science? What type of problems you want to solve through the selected language? Which language is trending in the world of data science? The answer to these questions can help you to decide the best one.